The United Nations and the Federal Government of Somalia sign UN Development Strategy for 2017-2020

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Mogadishu, 5 December 2017 – Today, the Federal Government of Somalia and the United Nations signed the UN Strategic Framework for Somalia (UNSF), framing UN support to Somalia’s development priorities over the coming four years. H.E. Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire, United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia Michael Keating, as well as H.E. Minister of Planning, Investment and Economic Development, Jamal Mohamed Hassan, and Peter de Clercq, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, signed the document at the Somalia Partnership Forum.

Mr. Keating noted that the, “the framework sets out how the UN will support Somalia, including in key areas such as achieving universal elections, rule of law and strengthening federal government”. Looking ahead, “it will guide our collective efforts to improve the quality of life and opportunities for all Somalis,” added Mr. Keating.

UN Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia Peter de Clercq emphasized that, “by coming together to sign the UNSF, we recognise past efforts, we cement our partnership, and we look to the future as we reiterate our commitment to working together for the people of Somalia. Our collective focus now must be on accelerating delivery of tangible results to the Somali people.”

The UNSF articulates the collective strategy, commitments and actions of 23 UN agencies and the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia in support of the country’s development priorities, as outlined in the National Development Plan, and towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. It follows an extensive strategic assessment that gathered inputs, feedback, hopes and aspirations of a broad range of stakeholders, including Somali civil society, government counterparts and the public.  

In the spirit of “leaving no-one behind”, the framework has adapted gender equality and women’s empowerment, human rights, and youth engagement and empowerment as cross-cutting issues, and is structured along five strategic priorities: (1) Deepening federalism and state-building, supporting conflict resolution and reconciliation, and preparing for universal elections; (2) Supporting institutions to improve peace, security, justice, the rule of law and safety of Somalis; (3) Strengthening accountability and supporting institutions that protect; (4) Strengthening resilience of Somali institutions, society and population; (5) Supporting socio-economic opportunities for Somalis.

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For further information, please contact Charles St. George, Strategic Planning Advisor, Office of the DSRSG/RC/HC (Charles.stgeorge@one.un.org), and Aleksandra Risteska, Strategic Communications and Coordination Advisor, Office of the DSRSG/RC/HC (Aleksandra.risteska@one.un.org), or download the UNSF Factsheet here: http://bit.ly/2ipPrd5 (English); http://bit.ly/2j2oXvd (Somali)

SOMALIA PARTNERSHIP FORUM COMMITS TO PREDICTABLE AND SUSTAINABLE SUPPORT FOR COUNTRY

 Credit: UNSOM Photo

Credit: UNSOM Photo

STORY BY UNSOM

Mogadishu - Somalia’s development partners have renewed their commitment to help the country end violent extremism and achieve economic recovery during a one-day Somalia Partnership Forum that was held in the Somali capital today.

Participants in the forum acknowledged the strides made by Somalia towards building peace, the promotion of human rights, and various efforts aimed at achieving prosperity for all its citizens.

The high-level forum was attended by representatives of 25 countries and 6 multilateral organizations, the presidents of the country’s five Federal Member States and the head of the Benadir Regional Administration that encompasses Mogadishu. 

A senior United Nations official identified critical areas that are essential for Somali’s economic recovery process. These include the approved National Security Architecture, the stalemated constitutional review process, support to the National Independent Electoral Commission, the use of non-military measures to confront threats from Al-Shabaab, engaging the private sector and normalizing relations with international financial institutions.

Raisedon Zenenga, the Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Somalia, highlighted national leadership and the adoption of inclusive policies by federal and state-level governments as some of the prerequisites for a successful economic recovery.

According to Mr. Zenenga, “a coherent approach by the international partners in supporting both the political and the security agenda” would also be critical to attaining progress.

Somalia’s Federal President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed “Farmaajo” spelled out the government’s achievements since taking office nine months ago and outlined its plans for the future.

“Let there be no doubt of our commitment to implement the Somali people’s wish, to move away from a clan power-sharing formula in choosing its leadership, to a representative, inclusive and accountable democratic model,” the President emphasized in his keynote address to the Forum.

To achieve results, the President promised “far-reaching steps to bring about long-term political stability, by moving forward on an inclusive constitutional review process”, which, he explained, would provide a strong legislative framework that works in the interest of the Somali people.

A communiqué released at the conclusion of the Forum expressed concern at the large number of people still dependent on humanitarian assistance due to drought and conflict. The document urged local and international partners to take necessary action to deliver urgent humanitarian relief to affected populations.

“Climatic drought change and cycles are accelerating. And this constitutes in itself a business case for immediate and simultaneous investment in sustainable development in Somalia,” said Peter de Clercq, the Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Somalia, who is also the UN Resident Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia.

Participants commended Somalia’s efforts to put in place mechanisms for economic recovery and growth, and they reaffirmed their commitment to strengthen partnership principles to help the country meet its objectives.

“You cannot turn back now. This is the time when we need a little bit more hand. Help us so that we can get economic recovery, debt relief to satisfy the IFIs (International Financial Institutions) and be a nation that can be independent,” said Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire.

Available preliminary data indicates that international aid to Somalia has reached a record high in 2017, which is estimated at $1.7 billion. That represents a 30 percent increase over annual aid levels between 2014 and 2016. The sharp increase in aid is attributed mainly to the surge in humanitarian support for the Farmaajo government’s drought response campaign.

Dariiqada Soomaalidu horseedka katahay ee QM ku taageerayso nabadda iyo dhisme dawladeed

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Siyaabo Badan, Soomaaliya waxaay furtay cutubyo cusub sanadkan, dawlad cusub oo xilka qabatay, dhismaha dawladda oo lasoo gebagebeeyey, iyo Soomaaliya oo daahfurtay Qorshaheedii ugu horreeyey ee Horumarineed ee heer Qaran (NDP) ee soddonka sanadood ee soo socda. Iyadoo dalka iyo bulshada caalamku ay si aan kala go’lahayn uga wada shaqeeyeen sidii loo joojin lahaa macaluusha daafaha dalka oo dhan, fursadaha lagu taageerayo Soomaaliya si ay usii ambaqaaddo hiigsiga geeddi socodka deganaansho iyo Barwaaqo waqtiga-fog.  Wadciga cusub ee taariikhda dalka u bilaabantay, QM waxay weliba daahfuraysaa wareegga cusub ee lagu taageerayo Soomaalida iyadoo la-raacayo Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatijiyadda cusub ee 2017 – 2020.

Laga soo bilaabo 2013, dadaalka horumarineed waxaa hage u ahaa barnaamijka New Deal Somali Compact, kaas oo u qaabaysnaa shan hiigsi oo ku aaddan nabadda iyo dhisme-dawladdeed – hannaan siyaasadeed oo loo dhan yahay, nabadgelyada, caddaaladda, seesaska dhaqaalaha, dhakhliga iyo adeegyada – iyo jinsiga iyo horumarinta awoodda wax-qabad si isku-dhafannaan ah (cross-cutting issues). Markii barnaamijkii Compact uu dhammaanayey sannadkii 2016, waxaa dibuhabayn lagu sameeyey Isteraajiyadahii mudnaanta u ahaa Qaranka iyo QM.

Soomaaliya markii ay samaysanaysay Qorshaheeda Horumarineed ee Heer Qaran ee ugu horreeyey (NDP) ee muddada ka billaabmaysa 2017 – 2019, iyadoo la raacayo barnaamijka Iskaashiga Cusub ee Soomaaliya ee ay ku heshiiyeen Soomaalida iyo Beesha Caalamka, QM waxay dib-u-qiimayn ku samaysay Isteraajiyaddeeda mudnaanaha u ah iyo hawlaha u qorshaysan inay ka fuliyaan Soomaaliya wavayna dejisatay arrimaha mudnanaha u ah Qaabdhismeedka Isteraategiyaddeeda cusub taas oo u saamaxaysa in laga taageero Soomaaliya si ay u fuliso hawlaha mudnaanaha u ah ee heer qaran (national priorities).     

Sidee bayne u qabanay hawshaas?

QM waxay ku billawday hawlo-taxane Sahanno Muhiim ah oo qabsoomay bishii Oktoobar 2016, kaas oo lagu qiimeenayey horumarka waxqabadkii QM gaadhay iyo hawlihii u qabsoomay qoshe-hawleedkii afartii sannadood ee lasoo dhaafay.

Si hawlahaas sahmintu u noqoto mid taabbo-gal iyo xeeldheeri ah, QM waxay ka qabatay hawlo wacyi-gelin baaxad leh si loo soo ururinayo xogaha iyo arrimaha muhiimka ah, caqabadaha iyo rajooyinka Soomaalida – iyo waxa ay noqon karto doorka iyo waajibaadka QM ka qaadan karto. Saddexda su’aalood ee ugu waaweyn ee la-iswaydiiyey in ka Badan 30 kullamo-wadatashi oo lala sameeyey hay’adaha dawladda (dawladda federaalka iyo maamul goboleedyada), hawl-wadeenada waddaniga ah ee QM, bulshada rayidka ah, Hay’adaha Samafalka Maxaliga ah, deeq-bixiyayayaasha iyo hay’adaha muhiimka, iyo kumannaan dadyawga Baraha Internet-ka nagala socda:  

  1. Halkee baad la’jeclaan lahayd in Somaliya u muuqato (dhabahaan) sanadka2020? Maxayse tahay aragtidaadu?
  2. Maxay yihiin cabirada (Indicators) muujin-kara guulaha aragtidaas fog”
  3. Maxay tahay doorka QM inay ka ciyaarto ama ka qaadato hawlaha ku aaddan aragtidaas fog?

Natiijada ka soo baxday, in ka Badan 530,000 qof oo lala sameeyey wadatashiyo iyo xidhiidho lagula sameeyey baraha bulshada ee Internet-ka, waxay muujinaysaa in ka Badan 1,000 oo fikirkooda ka dhiibtay saddexdaas su’aalood, ayaa lagaga dooday kullamo-wadareed khaas ah.  

Sahmintaas Muhiimka ee taxane ah, waxaa lagu soo gebagebeeyey warbixin, waxyaabihii ka soo baxay iyo talosoojeedinno, Qorshe Horumarineed ee Heer Qaran (NDP), iyo barnaamijka Iskaashiga Cusub ee Soomaaliya, oo laga sameeyey arimaha salka u ah barnaamijka Istraatijiyadda Qaramada Midoobay ee Soomaaliya (UNSF).

Haddaba, waa maxay Qaabdhismeedka Istraatijiyadda Qaramada Midoobay ee Soomaaliya (UNSF)?

Waa Qorshe Isteraatejiyadeed si ay u hagto hawlaha QM ka waddo Soomaaliya. Qaabdhismeedka Isteraategiyadeed ee QM waa mid la mid ah kan ka jira dal kasta halkaas oo QM ay ku leedahay suganaansho.

Qaabdhismeedkan waa mid si guud ay uga go’antahay qaabaynta mudnaanshaha hawlaha lagu taageerayo Qorshaha Qaran ee Horumarinta dalka iyo in laga taageero Hadafyada Horumarinta ee Caalamiga ah (SDGs). Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatejiyadda QM (UNSF) ee Soomaaliya waa mid waafaqsan Qorshaha Horumarineed ee heer Qaran (NDP), wuxuuna sheegayaa hawlaha mudnaanta u ah qaranka. Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatejiyadda QM waa mid daarran yaan waxba laga tegin iyo in la abuuro la-xisaabtanku aaddan xuquuqda aadanaha, sinnaanta Jinsiga iyo awoodaynta haweenka, sii-jiritaanka iyo u-dhabaradayga.

Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatejiyadda QM (UNSF) waxay u dhisantahay shan Isteraajiyadood oo mudnaan u ah:

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Shanta Isteraatejiyadood ee mudnaanta ah waxaa lagu xoojiyey hawlaha xuquuqda aadanaha, sinnaanta Jinsiga iyo awoodaynta haweenka, iyo ka-qaybqaadashada iyo awoodaynta dhallinyarada, kuwaas oo ah arrimo ka wada dhaxeeya qaabdhismeedka Isteraatijiyadda QM (UNSF).

Sidee bay arrantani muhiim ugu tahay Soomaaliya iyo Soomaalidaba?

Tan iyo markii Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatejiyadda QM (UNSF) la waafajiyey hawlaha qaranka mudnaanaha u ah, sida ku muujisan Qorshaha Horumarineed aa Qaranka (NDP), QM ee Soomaaliya waxay ku taamaysay inay si toos ah uga caawiso sidii loo gaadhi lahaa hawlaha qaranka mudnaanta u ah afarta sanadood ee soo socda. Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatejiyadda QM (UNSF) wuxuu hagi doonaa dhaqaalaha iyo mashaariicda ku aaddan hawlaha mudnaanta u ah. Islamarkaana, QM waxay weliba raacaysaa qodobada Heshiiska Iskaashiga Cusub ee Soomaaliya (MPS). Iyadoo la raacayo Heshiiska Iskaashiga Cusub, bulshada caalamka waxaa ka go’an inay waafajiyaan taageerada horumarineed ee Soomaalida Qorshaha Horimarineed ee Qaranka (NDP), iyo in la xaqiijiyo Iskaashiga ka dhaxeeya Soomaaliya iyo bulshada caalamka si ku sallaysan qodobada wada-xisaabtanka la isla fahmsanyahay.

Waxaa intaasdheer, xogta aanu ka helnay mudadii Hawlaha Sahminta muhiimka la waday oo si toos ah sal u ahayd dooddahayagii waxyaabaha mudnaanta noo noqonaya mustaqbalka iyo qaabaynta waajib-gudashadayada. Siday ahaanayso? Tusaale ahaan, quuddarayn xooggan oo dhinaca dadweynaha ah darteed, waxaanu si firifircoon u qaadanay hannaanka maamul wanaagga, hufnaanta, iyo wada-xisaabtan ay ahaadaan waxyaabaha cusub ee aanu diiradda saarayno. Tusaale kalena waa dhawaaq xooggan sidii iskaashi weyn loola yeelanayo bulshadarayidka ah ee Soomaalida gaar-ahaan kooxaha dhalinyarada taas oo loo fasiray qodobo iskaashi oo xooggan iyo hannaan uu ku qotomo Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatejiyadda QM (UNSF) si loo horumariyo ka-qaybqaadashada bulshada rayidka ah u noqdo Iskaashi waara.

Hannaankii lagu dejinayey Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatejiyaddan QM (UNSF) waxay ahayd midi si weyn ee laga wada-qaybqaatay iyo tallaabo muhiim ah oo ay muwaadiniintu hoggaaminayeen gudaha QM waxaana loo aqoonsanyahay inay ahayd ficil wanaagsan. Saxeexidda iyo daahfurka ee Qaabdhismeedka Isteraatejiyadda QM (UNSF) lala samaynayo Dawladda Federaalka Soomaaliya, waxay hadda inoo tahay waqtigii aynu hore u sii ambaqaadka iyo taageerada Soomaalida ee nabadda socota iyo wadiiqadii dhisme dawladeedka.

Kala soco hawlahayaga baraha Internet-ka si aad ugu soo biirtid geediga.

The UN’s Somali-led path to supporting peace and state-building

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In many ways, Somalia has opened new chapters this year: a new government has assumed office, the state formation process has concluded, and Somalia has launched its first National Development Plan (NDP) in over thirty years. While the country and its international partners have worked tirelessly to avert a famine across the country, opportunities abound to support Somalia as it continues its journey to longer-term stability and prosperity. With a new chapter of the country’s history commencing, the UN is also launching its new cycle of support to Somali, through a new Strategic Framework for 2017-2020.

Since 2013, development efforts were guided by the New Deal Somali Compact, which structured programming along five peace and state-building goals – inclusive politics, security, justice, economic foundations, revenue and services – and gender and capacity development as cross-cutting issues. With the Compact coming to an end in 2016, both the national and the UN’s priorities were revised.

With Somalia developing its first National Development Plan for the period from 2017 -2019, and with a New Partnership for Somalia agreed between Somalia and the International Community, the UN has re-evaluated its strategic priorities and planned activities in Somalia and developed a new strategic framework that allows it to support Somalia as it seeks to implement its national priorities.

How did we do it?

The UN started the process with a Strategic Assessment Exercise in October2016, which assessed the UN’s progress and achievements over the past four years against its previous framework.

For this to be a meaningful and reflective exercise, the UN Somalia engaged in a range of outreach activities to gather inputs on themes, issues, challenges and hopes of Somalis – and what that would mean for the UN’s role and mandate. Three main questions were asked in over 30 consultations to government counterparts (federal and regional), national UN staff, civil society, NGOs, donors and key partners, and to thousands of online followers:

  1. Where would you like to see Somalia (realistically) in 2020? What is your vision?
  2. What are the indicators of success for that vision?
  3. What role should the UN play in working towards that vision?

As a result, over 530,000 people were reached via consultations and online through social media and provided more than 1,000 inputs on the three posed questions, which were internally discussed in special working groups. The Strategic Assessment process concluded in a report, whose findings and recommendations, together with the National Development Plan and the New Partnership for Somalia, formed the basis of the UNSF.

So, what is the UNSF?

It’s a strategic plan to guide the UN’s work in Somalia. A UN framework like this exists in every country where the UN has an established presence.

The framework is a collective commitment to a strategy and actions in support of a country’s national development priorities and in support of the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For Somalia, the UNSF is aligned to the NDP, which states the national priorities. UN Strategic Frameworks aim to ‘leave no one behind’ and to create accountability towards human rights, gender equality & women’s empowerment, sustainability and resilience.

The UNSF is structured along five Strategic Priorities:

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The five Strategic Priorities are underpinned by human rights, gender equality and women’s empowerment, and youth engagement and empowerment, who are crosscutting issues of the UNSF.

How is this important for Somalia and Somalis?

Since the UNSF is aligned to national priorities, as manifested in the NDP, the UN Somalia is aiming to directly contribute to achieving those national priorities over the coming four years. The UNSF will guide funding and programming towards those priorities. Furthermore, the UN is also applying the partnership principles of the New Partnership for Somalia (NPS) throughout the UNSF. Through the NPS, the International Community commits to align support for Somalia’s development with the NDP, and ensure that the partnership between Somalia and the international community be based on the p principle of mu­tual accountability.

Moreover, the input we received during the Strategic Assessment Exercise directly fed into our discussions on what our future priorities should be and have even shaped our mandate. How so? For example, due to strong demand from the public, we have actively adopted good governance, transparency and accountability as one of our new focus areas. Another example is the strong call for greater collaboration with Somali civil society and in particular youth groups, which has translated into stronger partnership principles and mechanisms that are adopted in the UNSF and that seek to transform engagement with civil society into sustainable partnerships.

The process of developing this UNSF has been one of the most inclusive and locally led strategic processes within the UN and has been recognised as good practice. With the official signing and launch of the UNSF, together with the Federal Government of Somalia, it’s now time for us to move forward and support Somalia’s ongoing peace and state-building trajectory.

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