Review of Collective Risk Management Systems in Somalia

The recently launched Transparency International (TI) report has reignited discussions on Somalia as one of the most corrupt countries in the world.

According to the report, corruption risks exist across the entire humanitarian programme cycle, including during the identification of local partners, awarding of contracts, pricing of contracts, negotiation of conditions of access, recruitment of staff, selection and targeting of aid recipients, selection of monitoring mechanisms and the approach to monitoring programmes.  Importantly, the report explores corruption related practices and incentives related to the various supporting and operational business procedures undertaken in Nairobi, which are contributing factors to the overall corruption risks.  Although the report mentions progress made since 2011 to strengthen collective risk management systems, increase information sharing and develop complementary and harmonized approaches to address a number of risks, it recommends in particular to develop shared approaches to managing risks, which may encourage transparent reporting.

Since 2015, a Joint Risk Management Strategy (JRMS) was developed as one of the collective risk management systems for the Somalia Development and Reconstruction Facility (SDRF) funds.

As part of the review, and response to the report, the UN, the NGO Consortium and donors commissioned an assessment of the impact and effectiveness of the collective[2] risk[3] management[4] systems established since 2011. The overall aim of this assessment was to assess advances made so far through these collective risk management practices, to identify challenges in implementing collective risk management solutions, to determine outstanding gaps, that may allow for corruption to take place in Somalia, and to provide recommendations to address such gaps.  Findings of this study will contribute to strengthening Risk Management Systems in Somalia and will enhance risk management systems and approaches for more effective delivery in Somalia. 


[1] The SDRF is both a coordination framework and a financing architecture for implementing the Somali Compact, with the aim of enhancing the delivery of effective and efficient assistance to all Somalis

[2] Collective defined as including UN agencies/entities, including UNSOM/UNSOS, donors, INGOs and LNGOs

[3] Risk includes the risk of corruption

[4] Risk Management includes approaches to identify and address corruption risks