Durable Solutions Initiative is looking on the Way Forward to Recovery and Resilience for the Most Vulnerable

 Caption: Walter Kaelin (right) together with the Mayor Of Mogadishu, Abdirahman Omar Osman and the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Peter de Clercq. Photo Credit: UN picture

Caption: Walter Kaelin (right) together with the Mayor Of Mogadishu, Abdirahman Omar Osman and the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Peter de Clercq. Photo Credit: UN picture

Special Advisor on Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) Walter Kaelin discusses with Somalia’s Deputy Prime Minister, key Ministers, the Banadir Regional Administration,  UN senior leadership and the international community on the way forward to implement durable solutions for those affected by displacement.

Professor Kaelin has been working with the Somali Government, UN leadership and the International Community since 2015 on guiding the country towards finding durable and sustainable solutions for those affected by displacement.

During his last mission in August, he visited affected communities in Baidoa, Kismayo, Dolow and Mogadishu to check on the progress and assess remaining challenges. The findings of the mission have now been discussed together with the Deputy Prime Minister and key ministers to pave the way to more inter-ministerial collaboration in addressing internal displacement on Durable Solutions.

He also met with the newly appointed Mayor of Mogadishu, Abdirahman Omar Osman, to specifically discuss the situation of IDPs in and around Mogadishu and what interventions are needed to support them, immediately and over time. This is an important step towards durable solutions for IDPs in Mogadishu after evictions in late December 2017 threatened the protection of the affected people by displacing them again.

Prof. Kaelin’s visit comes timely as Somalia just launched its first Resilience and Recovery Framework (RRF) – a plan that marks the willingness of the Government and the International Community to make Somalia famine resistant. The framework is based on an assessment of the needs and impact of recurrent drought in Somalia and aims to provide guidelines on how to start recovering from the damages of drought while working on making Somalia stronger and more resilient towards crises. The framework particularly addresses durable solutions for internally displaced, refugee returnees and host communities, as drought remains the main factor for the continuing displacement crisis in Somalia.

The Durable Solutions Initiative aims to design, fund and implement durable solutions in a coherent and coordinated way.  It embodies an important mindset shift in the way durable solutions are approached in Somalia and takes into consideration everyone that is affected by displacement, including host communities. With this new comprehensive approach, the initiative fosters collaboration between humanitarian, development and state/peace -building actors under the leadership of the government.

Making Government Services Available again through Rebuilding Public Institutions - one Infrastructure Project at a Time

Bandiradlay district admin office construction.jpg

The Project Implementation Unit (PIU), under the federal Ministry of Finance for Somalia, has contracted two local companies for the construction of the District Administration Office and annexed District Courthouse for the Bandiradlay District (Galmudug State) and the District Administration Office in North Galkayo (Puntland State). Both constructions are part of the ‘Pilot Project to Strengthen Service Delivery Through Federal Government Systems in Federal Member States and Interim Regional Administrations', under the UN's Multi-Partner Trust Fund National Window.

The objective of the project is to enable the Federal Government of Somalia to independently deliver tangible services to its citizens by developing its capacity to conduct community consultations, design, manage, and implement small scale infrastructure projects. Testing the use of national systems to channel the funds is one of the main objectives of this project in order to build the capacity of the Government to effectively manage funds and to pave the way for other donors to use its systems.

After prolonged civil war that had a damaging impact on infrastructure and crucial public facilities in Bandiradlay, the PIU project aims to support (re)construction of new and damaged infrastructure for local service delivery in target areas in Somalia. Through establishing the first District Administration Office for Bandiradlay, the local population will see a government present on the ground, making an impact through the delivery of much needed public services.

 Construction Site of the District Administration Office in North Galkayo. Credit: Project Information Unit Photo

Construction Site of the District Administration Office in North Galkayo. Credit: Project Information Unit Photo

Officials from Galmudug and Puntland states, local women groups, elders, business groups and youth welcomed the Deputy Minister of Finance, H.E. Abdullahi Sheikh Ali and the SSF-LD team in Bandiradlay and North Galkayo from 20-22 November to launch the two sub-projects in Bandiradlay and North Galkayo. The launches were exciting events for the local communities as they have been involved from the consultation stage, where projects were prioritised for implementation, and now get the chance to see the projects taking shape. The opportunity given to local communities to prioritise projects based on their needs has given them a sense of ownership.

“Construction of this District Administration Office with annexed Courthouse is an investment in ourselves and the services it will deliver will contribute to our future”, said one of Bandiradlay’s youth leaders that attended the consultations.

For further updates and information on the PIU’s work, visit their Website or their Facebook page.

The Pilot Project to Strengthen Service Delivery is funded through the National Window of the UN Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF), with support from the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF).

Bulshooyinka Soomaalidu iyagaa qeexa arrimaha mudnaanta u ah horumarkooda iyagoo u maraya Barnaamijka Midnimo

 Credit: UN Photo/IOM

Credit: UN Photo/IOM

Soomaaliya waxay wali tahay mid ka mid ah masiibooyinka barakaca ee dunida ugu waaweyn. Ku dhawaad 2.1 milyan oo rag, dumar iyo carruur ah ayaa ku nool xerooyinka barokacayaasha. Laga soo bilaabo 2017, tiro lagu qiyaasay 943,000 ayaa abaaruhu ku khasbeen in ay guryahooda ka cararaan halka 172,000 ay ka qaxeen rabshado. Waxa intaa dheer kumanaan ka soo laabtay Yemen iyo Dhadhaab oo ku taalla Kenya oo jaarkeena ah oo ay qaxooti ku ahaayeen. Barakacayaasha iyo dadka qaxootiga ah ee dalka ku soo laabtaa inta badan waxay  magangalyo u yimaadaan magaalooyinka, halkaas oo ay amni iyo baahida cunto ee degdega ah ay ka raadsadaan, iyadoo meesha ay marka horeba khayraadka iyo dhaqaaluhu ku yar yihiin, taasina ay wax u dhinto wada-noolaanshihii. 

Dhibaatooyinka ka dhasha iska-hor-imaadyada iyo cimilada ayaa maamullada Soomaalida ku keena caqabado waaweyn maadaama tirada dadka barakacaya ee magaalooyinka soo galayaa ay si aan la filayn u kordhayaan. Dadka barakacayaasha ah oo aad u nugul waxay la kulmaan go’doomin iyo bulshada oo dhinac looga sooco, taas oo marar badan marka la eego taariikhda Soomaalida dhalisay rabshad. Sidoo kale, meelaha lagu baro kaco waxay dhibaato ka jirtaa isticmaalka iyo lahaanshaha dhulka iyadoo dhulku inta badan noqdo meelo lagu muransan yahay. Muranka badanaa waxa sababa sharci la’aan iyo mulkiyad la’aan, dadka barakacayaasha ahina waxay u nugul yihiin rabshadaha iyo khatarta ah in lagu gefo  xuquuqahooga.  

Dawladda Soomaaliya si ay arrinkan wax uga qabato waxay ku dartay arrimaha mudnaanta u ah iyadoo  Qorshaha Horumarinta Qaranka ku xustay sidii xal waara loogu heli lahaa barakacayaasha iyo sidoo kale kuwa ka soo laabtay meelihii ay qaxootiga ku ahaayeen iyo bulshooyinka ay soo dhex dageen.  Dawladda Federaalka, Maamul-Goboleedyada Federaalka iyo Beesha Caalamka masuuliyad baa ka wada saaran sidii xal waara loogu heli lahaa bulshooyinka barakacayaasha ah. Waxay caqabaddu ka jirtaa sidii arrinkaa loo fulin laahaa iyadoo loo marayo hab waafaqsan baahiyaha muddada dhaw ee dadka barakacayaasha ah iyadoo aan dhibaatana loo gaysanayn. Waxa iyaduna ka sii muhiimsan sidii dadkan loogu heli lahaa xal ay kala doortaan oo mustaqbalka waara kaas oo ah in ay la midoobaan  bulshada ay ku dhex noolyihiina nabadgalyana  kula  noolaadaan.

 Credit: UN Photo/IOM

Credit: UN Photo/IOM

Si xal waara loogu helo meelaha ay ku nool yihiin barakacayaasha iyo kuwa qaxootiga ka soo laabtay, IOM iyo UN-Habitat waxay taageereen barnaamijka Midnimo kaas oo ah barnaamij wada-jir ah oo ay dawladaha hoose iyo waaxaha kala duwan ee dawladdu ku ogaanayaan baahiyaha iyo arrimaha mudnaanta u leh bulshada ku nool degmooyinka barnaamijka laga fulinayo. Ilaa hadda Barnaamijka Midino wuxu sameeyey Kooxaha Muhiimka Ah Ee Hawl-fududaynta kuwaas oo ay xubno ka yihiin dad metelaya barakacayaasha iyo bulshada ay martida u yihiin iyo sidoo kale xubno metelaya maamul-goboleedyada, gobollada, degmooyinka iyo dawladaha hoose. Hannaankani ma adkaynayo xidhiidhkii ka dhaxeeyey bulshada iyo barakacayaasha oo kali ah, balse waa hannaan sidoo kale kordhinaya kalsoonida ka dhaxaysa hay’adaha dawladda iyo muwaadiniinta. Ilaa hadda, waxa Qorshe-hawleedyadii Bulshada loo sameeyey Baydhabo iyo Kismaayo.

“Qorshe-hawleedkii Bulshada” ee ugu horreeyey waxa Kismaayo laga bilaabay Oktoobar 2017kii, waxaan bilaabay maamulka maxalliga ah iyo xubno ka socday bulshada. Qorshahan oo ay sameeyeen isla markaana loo sameeyey bulshooyinka barokacu saameeyey, ahna kii ugu horreeyey ee noociisa ah ee la sameeyo, waxa loogu talo galay in lagu horumariyo xaaladaha nololeed ee bulshada iyadoo diiradda la saarayo baahiyahooda gaarka ah. Qorshe-hawleedyada Bulshadu wuxu degmooyinka ka caawinayaa in ay si fiican isugu duwaan hawlaha horumarinta ee ka socda meeshooda, waxana sidaa ku xoogaysanaya awoodda wax-qabad ee hay’adaha maamulka, joogitaankooda, ugu dambayntana waxay kasbanayaan aqbalaadda bulshada. Markii la sameeyey qorshe-hawleedyadan, saaxiibada nala shaqeeya ee sida GIZ (Hay’adda Horumarinta ee Jarmalka), UNDP, IOM, UN HABITAT, WFP, Mercy Corps iyo CARE International waxay dhammaantood muujiyeen sida ay u danaynayaan Qorshe-hawleedyada Bulshada.  Mashruucu wuxu diiradda saaray lahaanshaha iyo shuruucda dhulka. Waxa la sameeyey wada-tashiyo la xidhiidha Qorshaynta Dhulka iyo Magaalooyinka, wuxuuna isku keenay hay’adaha maamulka, bulshada iyo hoggaamiyeyaasha dhaqanka si ay wada-jir ugu sameeyaan aragtida horumarinta ee magaalooyinka Kismaayo iyo Baydhabo, halkaas oo lagu xoojinayo mulkiyadda ama lahaanshaha dhammaan kuwa nugul.

Hawlaha muhiimka ahi waxay la xidhiidhaan sidii loo heli lahaa dhul bannaan oo lagu dhiirigeliyo dhaqanka, nabadda iyo dib-u-heshiisiinta. Kismaayo waxa lagu qabtay munaasibad dhaqanka iyo farshaxanka ah taas oo soo jiidatay in ka badan 70 qof oo ka socday barakacayaasha, qaxootiyada soo laabtay iyo bulshada ay ku dhex nool yihiin.

Barnaamijka Midnimo wuxu ku sii fidi doonaa lix dagmo oo ka tirsan Jubbaland iyo Koonfur Galbeed iyadoo lagu bilaabi doono Doolow iyo Xuddur sida ay u kala horreyaan- naga war haya si aad wax badan uga ogaataan nabad-dhisidda deegaannada ku salaysan bilaha soo socda!

Barnaamijka Midnimo waxa fuliya IOM iyo Un-Habitat, waxaana maalgeliya UN Trust Fund for Human Security iyo UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF).

Midnimo visibility banner.jpg

Somali Communities define their own Development Priorities through the Midnimo Programme

 Participants at the Kismayo Community Action Plan Launch. Credit: UN Photo/IOM

Participants at the Kismayo Community Action Plan Launch. Credit: UN Photo/IOM

Somalia remains at the epicentre of one of the world’s largest displacement crises, with almost 2.1 million men, women and children living in displacement. An estimated 943,000 people have been forced out of their homes due to drought and 172,000 due to conflict since the beginning of 2017. Additionally, thousands more have returned from living in refuge in Yemen and Dadaab in neighbouring Kenya. Internally displaced persons and refugee returnees often seek refuge in cities, where security and safety nets cater for some of the immediate needs, but where they also additionally stretch already scarce resources, making coexistence tenuous.

Conflict and climate induced crises have confronted the Somali authorities with significant challenges by causing an unprecedented increase in the numbers of displaced persons migrating to cities. These extremely vulnerable people face marginalization and the possibility of ending up in protracted displacement. Increased marginalisation and social exclusion have, in many instances in Somali history, led to conflict. In addition, in areas affected by displacement, land use and access to land rights often become ground for disputes. Disputes usually arise because of the lack of legal provisions and tenure security, and displaced populations are particularly exposed to conflict and risks of rights violations.

To address these issues, the Government of Somalia has included finding durable solutions for displaced persons, as well as refugee returnees and host communities, as one of its priorities in its National Development Plan. The Federal Government, Federal Member States, and the International Community, have a shared responsibility to provide durable solutions for displaced populations. The challenge has been to do so in a way that not only meets their needs in the short run without doing harm, but more importantly to also provide them with sustainable options for (re)integration and peaceful coexistence with host communities.

 Participants of the Kismayo community art & culture event. Credit: UN Photo/IOM

Participants of the Kismayo community art & culture event. Credit: UN Photo/IOM

To support durable solutions in areas impacted by displacement and returns, IOM and UN HABITAT, under the joint Midnimo programme, have supported municipal authorities and government departments to account for the needs and priorities of the entire community in the target districts it works in. The Midnimo project has done so by forming Core Facilitation Teams, with both displaced persons and host community representatives, as well as Member State, Regional, District and municipal authorities. This approach, has not only built a relation between the host and displaced communities, but has also set in motion the rebuilding of the trust between state institutions and its citizens. So far, Community Action Plans have been developed for Baidoa and Kismayo.

Kismayo’s first ‘Community Action Plan’ was launched in October 2017 by local authorities and community representatives. Developed by and for the displacement-affected communities, the first-of-its-kind plan intends to improve the communities’ living conditions by focusing on their specific needs. The Community Action Plans offer district authorities a tool to coordinate development interventions in their area, and through that they strengthen authorities’ capacity, presence and ultimately legitimacy toward the population. As a result, partners such as GIZ (the German Development Agency), UNDP, IOM, UN HABITAT, WFP, Mercy Corps, CARE International expressed commitment to support through their programmes the priorities of the Community Action Plans. The project has looked at normative and legislative aspects of the land sector. Land and City Planning consultations have brought together authorities, community and customary leaders to collectively craft a vision for the development of the cities of Kismayo and Baidoa, where tenure security for the most vulnerable results in strengthened tenure security for all.

Other significant activities involve the provision of spaces to promote a culture of peace and social reconciliation. Previously held in Baidoa, and now in Kismayo, a community art and culture event was hosted and attracted over 70 members of the public from displaced persons, returnees, and host communities.

Looking ahead, the Midnimo programme will expand to six additional districts in Jubbaland and South West State starting with Dollow and Xudur respectively – stay tuned to find out more about area-based peacebuilding in the coming months!

The Midnimo Programme is implemented by IOM and UN-Habitat, thanks to funding from the UN Trust Fund for Human Security and the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF).

Midnimo visibility banner.jpg

Special Advisor on Displaced Persons returns to Somalia to continue path to Durable Solutions

  Special Advisor Walter Kaelin (right) hands over solar equipment to field staff in Kismayo for distribution to displaced persons in the camp. Credit: UN Photo

Special Advisor Walter Kaelin (right) hands over solar equipment to field staff in Kismayo for distribution to displaced persons in the camp. Credit: UN Photo

As one of the main architects of the Durable Solutions Initiative (DSI), and former Special Representative of the United Nations’ Secretary-General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons, Professor Walter Kaelin returns to Somalia to review progress and advise on the next steps of the DSI.

In Somalia, around 1.1 million men, women and children live in protracted displacement and an estimated 895,000 people have been displaced due to drought since November 2016, as of mid-August. Fleeing from insecurity and loss of livelihoods due to climatic shocks and the absence of services, those who reach urban areas put an increased pressure on host communities that themselves struggle with available resources. In addition, the population density and demographic/ethnic profile of Somalia’s urban populations is changing rapidly, increasing the risk of localized conflicts and social exclusion.

To address the longstanding problems of displacement and the issues surrounding it, the Federal Government of Somalia and the UN Somalia have been spearheading the DSI for the past two years, together with the World Bank, NGOs, and the international community. As Special Advisor on internally displaced persons to the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General, Resident and Human­itarian Coordinator (DSRSG/RC/HC) for Somalia, Professor Kaelin already conducted three missions to Somalia and helped launch the DSI in 2015.  Led by the Government of Somalia, the DSI is a collective framework aligned to the National Development Plan and aims to collectively guide approaches and programming on durable solutions.

For his fourth mission, Kaelin met with local authorities and partners in Kismayo, capital of Jubaaland State, Dollow, a small town in the Geddo region, Baidoa, the administrative capital of South West State, and the federal capital, Mogadishu.

 “I have come to see the progress made by the government of Jubbaland. It has provided land to displaced persons, returnees, host communities and that is a very encouraging beginning. But we need to invest more in the development of these areas to create livelihoods; to bring services and to make Kismayo a lively city with a growing economy so that these people can be integrated into that growing economy,” Mr. Kaelin stated during its visit to Jubbaland.

Despite many successes under the DSI, particularly under the challenging circumstances of the ongoing drought, Kaelin also identified numerous challenges that remain: The lack of clarity on division of roles and responsibilities between government institutions, and discrepancies between capacities of the different states.

  UN delegation visits displacement camp in Kismayo with Special Advisor Walter Kaelin. Credit: UN Photo

UN delegation visits displacement camp in Kismayo with Special Advisor Walter Kaelin. Credit: UN Photo

To tackle protracted displacement characteristic to Somalia, as well as the effects of reoccurring climate shocks to vulnerable populations, Professor Kaelin has been a strong advocate for linking emergency humanitarian response early on with development initiatives, in order to combine early recovery efforts with longer-term support that strengthens people’s and communities’ resilience.

“Displaced persons receive humanitarian assistance and we are able to save their lives but in the long term, we need to switch to development approach and to make them productive again. […] how can we, in the long term, help displaced persons find solutions to stand up and get back on their feet again?”, urged Kaelin during his visit.

With the displaced population making out 20% of Somalia’s total population, the displacement challenge carries more burden and risks than meets the eye: Somalia’s peace and development trajectory is closely linked to resolving displacement and finding durable solutions for the hundreds of thousands of Somalis that are today not able to realise their social, political and economic opportunities. Only when, in the spirit of the Sustainable Development Goals, no one is left behind, can Somalia embark on a future of peace and prosperity.

 

 

YES Joint Programme expanding to support youth in Puntland and Somaliland

From its start, the Joint Programme on Youth Employment Somalia (YES) has seen successful achievements, in particular through its fishery apprenticeship scheme and trainings for young people.

Capture d’écran 2017-09-11 à 16.53.35.png

In Somalia, youth unemployment is extremely high, with only 27% of youth sustainably employed, according to the Population Estimation Survey for Somalia 2014. They are 3 times less likely to find a job than adults and face numerous challenges, such as exposure to lower quality of jobs, labour market inequalities, and longer and more insecure school-to-work transitions. As Education and training are recognized factors for successfully entering the labour market, the YES Programme has worked since 2015 on simultaneously developing employment and providing youth entrepreneurial trainings and skills development.

In late May, UN colleagues undertook a mission to Bossasso, Puntland and Berbera, Somaliland, to discuss the achievements of the YES programme and how to design and implement its new phase based on local youth and market needs.

In Bossasso, 150 youth benefited from apprenticeships in the fishery sector, where they learned a wide range of skills, such as fish processing, boat repair and refrigeration. Almost 70% of all employers who offered the apprenticeships noted that their sales increased up to 9% and believe it is because of the youth’s efforts. Thanks to the apprenticeships, about 1/3 of young people kept their employment after their apprenticeship. As a result of these initiatives under the YES in Bossasso, a formal agreement was reached on partnership and cooperation with the Puntland Chamber of Commerce. Their focus will be on skills development, notably in the fishery sector.

Capture d’écran 2017-09-11 à 16.53.25.png

In Somaliland, with the overall objective of the programme to  create long-term employment for youth, the YES is planning to expand the scheme to Berbera. The mayor of Berbera has welcomed the initiative and has stressed the priority of generating jobs for young people. Hawa, one of the female apprentices, underlined how valuable this training was for her and urged the programme’s partners “to provide more education and skills in order to increase youth self-confidence”.

Many young people have expressed an interest in starting their own business but there are genuine concerns about their vulnerability on the labour market due to inexperience with starting a business or managing finances. To respond to these concerns, there will be a stronger focus on start-up tool packages (such as tooling equipment relevant to the respective business sector), which will be explored during the next phase in order to prevent young people from burdening into debt.

In addition to the achievements reported in Somaliland and Puntland, the YES has been implementing the Shaqeyso training programme at the One Stop Youth Centre in Mogadishu to further develop Somali youth’s skills. The training programme intends to help disadvantaged youth, including divorced women and internally displaced persons (IDPs), to gain comprehensive life skills training, construction skills training and to give them tools to start their own business. With a total of 359 participants, it is interesting to note that only a quarter of all trainees have any educational background. Nevertheless, 349 young people have graduated so far, with a success rate of more than 97%.

The Youth Employment Somalia Programme is a joint programme by FAO, ILO, UNDP, UN-Habitat and UNIDO to improve sustainable employment opportunities for young Somalis and develop their skills to better fit the labour market. The programme is being implemented with thanks to funding from Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark and the UN Peacebuilding Fund (PBF).

 

YES Programme-2.png

 

 

 

 

For a more sustainable Somalia: Joint Programme on Sustainable Charcoal Production & alternative Livelihoods kicks off initiation with government

 Kick-off meeting in Mogadishu. Credits: UN pictures

Kick-off meeting in Mogadishu. Credits: UN pictures

A workshop was held in Mogadishu last week to initiate the “joint programme for sustainable charcoal reduction and alternative livelihoods” with the new government.

The event, jointly organised by FAO and UNDP Somalia, was attended by senior managements from respective sector ministries at national and regional level, including the Ministry of Livestock, Forestry and Range and the Ministry of Gender and Women Affairs.
Although charcoal production and export from Somalia have been in practice since pre-colonial times to meet local and regional energy demand, many of the challenges the country was facing during the last two decades, such as the breakdown of state institutions, protracted conflict, the absence of alternative sources of energy and limited livelihoods options, to name just a few, have led to unsustainable production and high trade of charcoal on the international market. Between 1995 and 2005, an increase of 300% in charcoal production has been recorded in the country. The damages on the environment are severe, with massive depletion of forest and a wide range of resources.
In a more recent study made by SWALIM, JRC-EU and Twente University and covering the Jilib area in Southern Somalia, it was estimated that 520,520 trees were cut inside the 6,000 km2 study area between 2011-2013, that is an estimated 3,3% tree loss over the 2 years. 

Despite the export ban on charcoal declared by the government, exports have not effectively been halted and keep on fuelling the war economy. The Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG) reported that in 2013 the charcoal trade was involving a revenue ranging from 360-380 million per year from illegal exports, in benefit of militia groups and intermediaries who act as gatekeepers. 

Charcoal production remains the main source of livelihood for many poor and vulnerable households and biomass resources, sufficient to meet the population’s needs, are currently underused.

Adressing the previous issues, the Proscal Programme is meant to promote energy security and more resilient livelihoods through a gradual reduction of sustainable charcoal production, trade and use.

In this line, the workshop intended to inform different stakeholders about the project design. Implementation was another important topic and the programme team, together with stakeholders, agreed on the geographic focus areas and timelines for the programme in 2017 and who the interlocutors to help coordinating the project should be.
Divided in several thematic subgroups, participants were also able to contribute inputs to the programme’s implementation on energy, livestock and agriculture, and to come up with recommendations. 

Moalim Mohamud Ahmed, Environment Minister for South West State, emphasized the negative impacts of charcoal trade and use to the environment, pastoral communities and Somali population at large. “it’s time to act effectively at national and regional level”, he said, emphasizing the urgent need for strong political commitment, regulatory frameworks, and community sensitization on all levels to fight the illegal trade while opening up alternative livelihood opportunities to the population. 
The workshop was well appreciated by the participants, who felt ownership of the project and showed interest and commitment.

This programme is being jointly implemented by UNDP, UNEP and FAO with generous support from the EU, Italy, and Sweden.

 Deforestation. Credits: Simon Mumuli, FAO SWALIM

Deforestation. Credits: Simon Mumuli, FAO SWALIM

 Charcoal production. Credits: Simon Mumuli, FAO SWALIM

Charcoal production. Credits: Simon Mumuli, FAO SWALIM

Expansion of Mobile Courts in South West State

 Credits: UNDP

Credits: UNDP

On 30th May, Baidoa’s Chief Justice, members of the judiciary and the UN discussed the restoration of the judicial system through the expansion of mobile courts in South West State. The meeting was part of the Daldhis project, financed by the UN Peacebuilding Fund, which aims to support the decentralization of governance and the restoration of state structures in Jubbaland and South West State.

As an outcome of the meeting, South West State participants agreed to expand mobile courts – an issue the Judiciary has thus far been reluctant on. Through this initiative, judges will be periodically deployed to remote areas of the region to form decisions on claims. The mobile courts system will rely on traditional leaders to bring cases to the formal judicial system if they exceed their competencies.

With the support of the Traditional Dispute Resolution Unit – currently being established in the Ministry of Justice - traditional leaders will be trained to sort out sensitive cases that need to be referred to the mobile courts. Thus, traditional leaders will continue to play a central part in the establishment of the new hybrid justice system, which mixes formal and traditional law. 
The South West State Supreme Court also appointed three lawyers to provide legal aid services to claimants who engage with the mobile courts. This will help citizens in South West State to better understand the formal legal system and set the basis for fair trial standards.

The mechanism of mobile courts is expected to considerably enhanced justice services expansion.

The formal justice system in Somalia has not been developed yet, with its key institutions still lacking the basic resources to carry out their mandates. Therefore, the Xeer, Somalia’s customary law, and Sharia’a law remain the main legal systems currently available to Somalis. Strengthening the formal legal system and providing greater access to it for all Somalis are seen as key priorities to extend the State’s authority and legitimacy, improve stability, and thereby contribute to sustainable peace in Somalia.

Improved Police visibility through provision of new uniforms to Somaliland Police

 Credits: UNDP

Credits: UNDP

A hand-over ceremony of new Police Uniform for the Somaliland Police took place at the Somaliland Police Headquarter in Hargeisa which was presented by the UNDP, Deputy Country Director for Programmes to the State Minster of Security and the Police Commissioner in the presence of the donors and representatives of the international community.

The new police uniforms will ensure that the public are able to identify and distinguish police personnel from another law enforcement and security officials while they are on the streets undertaking foot patrolling in the urban and peri urban areas. A proper identification for the police will not only improve the visibility of the police officers but also reduce the fear of reporting of crime by the community.  
It will be for the first time in Somaliland History that 6000 police uniform sets will be distributed and provided to women and men police officers, said Colonel Mohamed Baruud, the Head of Logistic and Finance Department in Somaliland Police.

“As Somaliland Police Commissioner, I am very glad to receive such striking uniforms through the Joint Rule of Law Programme which is funded by the Multi Partner Trust Fund, said the Somaliland Police Commissioner, Brigadier General Abdillahi Fadal Iiman.

On behalf of Somaliland Government, Mr. Mohamed Mouse Dirie, the State Minister of Security indicated that he is highly appreciative of the fact that majority of officers will a get a full set of uniforms including shirts, trousers, working shoes/boots, socks, belts and peak cups for commissioned and non-commissioner’s male officers. The gender balance is being adhered to in the Somaliland Police where 700 uniforms have been especially designed for the Women Police Officers who are currently serving. The women police will be dressed in skirts, skirts and head-cover/Hijab and belts.

Mr. David Akopyan, the Deputy of Country Director/Programmes of UNDP said that it was expected that the police uniforms would inculcate more discipline and self-esteem of the uniformed service, increase safety and increase public confidence.

 

Contact information

For additional information, please contact Rooble Mohamed communications Associate, UNDP, Hargeisa Area Office- Sha’ab Area- near Hargeisa Club.  rooble.mohamed@undp.org

From conflict to reconstruction: Somalia’s sustainable development goals story

 This year, Somalia will issue its first National Development Plan (NDP) in over thirty years. The NDP constitutes a remarkable milestone for a country that is still suffering from the aftermath of a protracted and devastating civil war that impoverished many of its citizens and incapacitated most of its institutions.

This year, Somalia will issue its first National Development Plan (NDP) in over thirty years. The NDP constitutes a remarkable milestone for a country that is still suffering from the aftermath of a protracted and devastating civil war that impoverished many of its citizens and incapacitated most of its institutions.

The NDP’s significance cannot be understated, for three reasons in particular. First, the extensive consultation process through which the Plan has been developed has demonstrated a strong will, on the part of the government, to make it a genuinely Somali owned initiative. Second, following decades of an exclusive, albeit inevitable, focus on humanitarian assistance, the NDP provides an opportunity for Somalia and its international partners to embark on a long term developmental trajectory, with a focus on durable solutions to long standing challenge in a range of areas, from dilapidated infrastructure to the dearth of social services and the plight of displaced people.  Lastly, and remarkably, the NDP incorporates a global agenda, the SDGs, into the national aid agenda for the coming three years.

The effort to embed the SDGs into the country’s first NDP in decades may seem at first as purely aspirational, in light of the many severe challenges that Somalia still faces, including an incomplete political transition, on-going insurgency and immense humanitarian needs. Yet, it points to both the remarkable progress made since 2012 and to the commitment, expressed by Somalia’s people and its leaders, to chart an irreversible path away from conflict, and towards long term development and stability. Over the last four years and in the face of tremendous odds, Somalia and the international community have built a robust development architecture, based on the New Deal Compact, with Somali led financing mechanisms and aid coordination structures, which now culminates in the NDP and provides the space for meaningful planning and policy making around the SDGs.

The NDP, who will guide national and international development efforts for the next three years (2017-19), is built on six thematic pillars: Consolidating peace, security and Rule of Law, institution building, rapid inclusive and sustainable economic growth, social capital, restoring and protecting strategic infrastructure, and building national resilience. In addition, gender, youth, capacity development, human rights, and environment are crosscutting themes. The government has made various efforts to raise awareness about the NDP and its priorities and to address questions and uncertainties from the public, for example via day-long Twitter chats, hosted by the Minister of Planning and International Cooperation.

The SDGs have been mainstreamed throughout the NDP, in accordance with context-relevant priorities that have been identified through consultations on federal, regional state and community level, including with civil society and youth and women’s groups in particular. In an important improvement from the Compact, the NDP will be equipped with an M&E Framework, developed by a dedicated task force, which will translate relevant indicators from the SDG M&E framework into the NDP. This ‘translation’ will be selective and incremental, to reflect Somalia’s unique situation and constraints.

Of course, challenges, both technical and political, abound. The dearth of reliable data will require collective attention and dedicated focus over the next few years, and may constrain attempts for comprehensive reporting.  As a result, and differing from the SDG’s framework, which will measure outcomes with impact indicators (e.g. reduce poverty), the NDP will use process indicators (e.g. number of beneficiaries reached with cash-for-work programmes), which will take precedence over impact level indicators in the coming years. Seemingly technical level discussions over targets, results achieved and allocation of resources will expose underlying political tensions and fault-lines over the federalist project that still need to be addressed. Yet, these obstacles now bear the mark of a vulnerable country committed to pursuing long term development ambitions away from conflict, with the SDGs providing the unmistakable and inspirational signposts for the road ahead.

PSP: Strengthening Legislative Capacity of the Galmudug Parliament

 Members of the Galmudug Parliamend. Credit: UN Photo.

Members of the Galmudug Parliamend. Credit: UN Photo.

UNDP Parliamentary Support Project had been supporting Somali National Federal and Puntland parliaments to function as inclusive, transparent and effective law-making bodies which engage in national dialogue on policy priorities, peace-building across a divided political spectrum and state-building as efforts are made to implement the Provisional Constitution.

In 2016, UNDP has extended its partnership to Jubaland and Galmudug Legislative Assemblies with the project support being closely aligned to the priority needs of the parliaments in fulfilling their obligations towards core functions (legislative, representative and oversight).

Galmudug Parliament had been provided with a three-day workshop on legislative drafting aimed at introducing MPs to the fundamentals and techniques of legislative drafting. The workshop took place at Adado Presidential building. The Speaker of the Parliament, second Deputy Speaker and over 50 MPs participated the three-day’s workshop. The workshop focused on addressing the needs of the MP’s especially in considering the significant number of legislative drafting challenges that individual committees and MPs will be able to overcome as a result of participating in this workshop.

Galmudug Parliament expressed its gratitude to UNDP for this and qualified expert who delivered the workshop. This resulted in a better understanding of MP’s of the legislative drafting. They learnt how to perform Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) to enhance the quality of laws and consider the social, economic, political and environmental impacts of a draft-laws. With this training, they now know what makes a well-drafted legislation.”


With support of the EU, UK, Norway, and Sweden, UNDP Parliamentary Support Project works towards the enhancement and strengthening of the technical and functional capacity of the Parliaments and Parliamentarians in Somalia so that they can be transparent, accountable and moreover make laws that serve the best interests of the people and communities they represent.

RoL: Un Police Train Somali Police Force Officers On Gender-Based Violence

 Somali Police Force (SPF) officers from the federal and regional administrations attend a course on investigating and preventing sexual and gender-based violence held on 19 September 2016 in Mogadishu. UN Photo

Somali Police Force (SPF) officers from the federal and regional administrations attend a course on investigating and preventing sexual and gender-based violence held on 19 September 2016 in Mogadishu. UN Photo

Twenty-five officers from the Somali Police Force drawn from various parts of the country began a five-day training course on the prevention of Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) in Mogadishu.

The UN-sponsored training opened today and will acquaint the officers with different ways of handling sexual and gender-based violence.

The Somali Police Force Deputy Commissioner Gen. Bashir Abdi Mohamed officially opened the workshop.

“We must not accept for anyone to be physically abused. We have laws and values that we must uphold. The so-called traditional period is over; we have to understand and be pragmatic about it. I want you to be ambassadors in upholding the values of policing,” said Gen. Mohamed.

The UN Development Programme’s Head of Governance and Rule of Law in Somalia, Franco Sanchez, said the UN was committed to working with the Somali police to investigate SGBV cases. The training will focus on the collection of evidence in cases of Sexual and Gender-Based violence and interviewing techniques required to obtain critical information from victims.

“The officers will learn how to collect evidence, how to interview the victims and how to respond to them. They will also learn methodologies on questioning among others,” explained Mr. Sanchez.

A police officer from Jubbaland state, Captain Mohamed Abadir Ahmed, said he would share knowledge gained from the training with other colleagues to reduce the incidence of such cases.

“We came all the way from Kismaayo to Mogadishu in order to gain knowledge on SGBV. Since the police are tasked to protect lives and property, this gender-based violence training will enable us to stop the violence and also protect the most vulnerable members of the society from such abuse,” Captain Mohamed said.

Another participant from Galmudug state, Mandeeq Abdullahi Aden, appealed to fellow police officers to be proactive in curbing cases of gender based violence.

“Abuse against women is widespread and I cannot list them all here, but I want to practice the knowledge that I gain from this seminar in my area of operation, so that women and children are protected from sexual and gender-based violence and other abuses,” Mr. Aden stated.

UN police advisers are closely working with the Federal Government of Somalia tocounter SGBV through such training workshops, and a similar workshop will be held in Mogadishu for another group of Somali Police Force officers next week.

A New Generation in Somalia

 Nadia is in her third year of law studies. Credit: UN Photo.

Nadia is in her third year of law studies. Credit: UN Photo.

In Somalia, there is a new generation of young female law students who hope to use their education to build a strong and fair justice system.

UNDP, through the Rule of Law Access to Justice Project, has partnered with Somali universities and the Ministry of Justice to enhance the capacities and effectiveness of the courts and judiciary. UNDP provides scholarships for aspiring lawyers and supports graduate internships that place qualified students in the justice sector.

Nadia Mohamoud Mohamed, a third year law student, is one of the beneficiaries of the scholarship programme. She graduated from Al-Zubeyr Secondary School in Mogadishu in 2012.

“While a student at Mogadishu University, I have significantly enhanced my knowledge and skills and I am confident that when I graduate I will be able to practice as a Human Rights lawyer,” she said. 

“I was very lucky to have received this scholarship opportunity because otherwise it would not be possible for me to be here,” she added. “My mother can’t afford to pay the university fees and is struggling to make a living for our family, and my father has another family.”In 2015, UNDP is providing for 149 scholarships for university legal studies in Mogadishu and Bosaso. 63 of these students are female. An additional 55 graduate interns, 20 of whom are women, are being supported to work in institutions including the Attorney General’s Office, the Higher Judicial Council, the police, legal aid centres, local human rights NGOs, regional ministries and the Parliament.

Zainab Abdullahi Diriye is in her third year of studies on the scholarship programme. Originally from Galkayo in Puntland, her mother was left to provide for the family after her father died.

“I can’t express what this scholarship means to me,” Zainab said. “When I finished secondary school, my mother told me that she could not afford my university fees and that she needed me to assist her to support our family. But it was hard for me to accept this, because I thought that to keep studying and get a degree was the best way to break the cycle of suffering in my family.”

Zainab said that she was committed to enrolling at the Faculty of Law at Mogadishu University. “I found out about the scholarship opportunity and when the University learned about my situation, they offered me the scholarship.”

Like Nadiaand Zainab, many Somalis are driving development and contributing to transformation within their societies. Important changes – such as more women in decision-making, empowered local authorities, and access to livelihoods – are paving the way for a stable, peaceful, and vibrant Somalia. Among the scholarship graduates in March 2015 at Mogadishu University that UNDP spoke to, students wanted to become prosecutors, judges, legal advisors to government, and legal aid lawyers.

“I want to pay back to the community what I have been given,” said Zainab.



With support from the EU, the UK, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and the Netherlands, UNDP's, UNSOM's, UNICEF's, UNOD's and UNOPS' integrated Rule of Law Project (RoL) provides support to the justice and police in South Central: Mogadishu; Galmudug administration, Jubaland and South West Administration; In Puntland: Garowe, Bossaso and Gardo; and in Somaliland: All six regions (Hargeisa, Burao and Borama, Sanaag, Saahil Sool).

Mobile Courts Workshop Opens in Mogadishu

 Participants at the Opening Ceremony. Credit: UN Photo.

Participants at the Opening Ceremony. Credit: UN Photo.

JOINT PRESS RELEASE

Mogadishu, 16 December 2015 – The Federal Government of Somalia, United Nations, and donor partners welcomed the opening of the Mobile Courts Planning Workshop this week in Mogadishu. Access to a functioning and fair legal system is one of the pillars of sustainable peace and development. As part of the Joint Rule of Law Joint Programme, Mobile Courts provide access to legal aid services and information to those in the most difficult to reach areas.

Forty participants attended the opening of the training, including judges and prosecutors from Mogadishu, Puntland, Interim South West Administration, Interim Jubba Administration, Galmudug as well as emerging states for Hiran and Middle Shebele. The opening also welcomed high level senior officials from the Minister of Justice, Chief Justice, Attorney General, commissioner of custodial Cops and key representatives from UNSOM and UNDP.

Hon. Minister of Justice, Mr.Abdullahi Ahmed Jama said, “It is essential for justice chain actors to collaborate effectively and work side by side in order to have access to justice for all. This is especially true for gender based violence cases for women and children in remote areas since 70% of the Somali communities live in rural areas.”

Mobile Courts were originally recognized in the Somali legal system in the early 1970s and were revitalized in 2008 with the support of UNDP. Currently, outside the capital Mogadishu, justice institutions are only partially operational and the security situation is fundamentally unstable. Communities have little or no access to the formal justice system. Virtually no justice infrastructure exists including courthouses, and there is a significant gap in the capacity and availability of qualified personnel. There is a significant challenge to re-establish a functioning rule of law system in these areas and to reinforce the justice chain, including police, judiciary, lawyers, prosecutors and corrections.

However, emerging regional administrations are providing opportunities to start rebuilding the justice sector. Establishing permanent courts, training judges and judicial staff, developing a court case management system and a legal aid scheme needs time and resources and a long term commitments from government and international stakeholders. In the short-term, establishing Mobile Courts can deliver justice to the people and combine awareness raising programmes is an effective way of establishing the rule of law in areas affected by decades of statelessness and conflict.

The Chief Justice, Mr. Aideed Ilkahanaf supports this critical work. “We have to ensure access to justice for all Somali citizens. More focus should be given to those living in remote areas. I recommend Somali people to have ownership for the justice systems available in the country and to proactively collaborate with justice actors.”

The Mobile Courts scheme has been providing access to justice since 2012 in Somaliland and Puntland. UNDP supported the first four mobile courts in South-Central in 2012 during a 4 month pilot project with the Supreme Court. The pilot project covered 4 districts in Mogadishu (Wadajir, Hodan, Hamarjajab and Hawlwadag) not served by the court system at the time and with large IDP communities. At the end of the 4 month pilot project, the Mobile Courts dealt with 756 cases (340 criminal cases and 416 civil cases).

“The mobile court scheme is temporary solution, the permanent solution is to establish courts in every district and this needs to be supported for both the government and international community,” Attorney General Dr. Ahmed Ali Dahir said.

With support from the international community the Federal Government of Somalia’s Ministry of Justice is building a stronger, safer justice sector for the people of Somalia where access to qualified and competent law enforcement and justice is particularly challenging. Through the Joint Rule of Law Programme, work has recommenced to establish the Mobile Courts in Mogadishu and throughout South-Central Somalia. With the Leadership of the Supreme Court, all actors and stakeholders both at the federal government level in Mogadishu and at regional levels work hand-in-hand to start Mobile Court operations. This workshop marks the commencement of these important activities and will provide all actors with a common understanding and vision for the Mobile Courts and its legal framework, as well as agreement on priority areas and strategy.

The European Union Special Envoy and Ambassador to Somalia Michele Cervone d'Urso called upon judicial officers to lead by example and provide servant leadership. "Mobile courts provide a good platform for locals who cannot otherwise access justice to get such crucial services in their doorsteps which is likely to help communities heal from years of conflict and help foster peace and reconciliation," Amb. Cervone d'Urso said.

With generous support from the European Union and UK-DFID, UN partners are working to support and strengthen government and civil society institutions to deliver fair and rights-based justice services.

“Delivery of basic services in the justice chain – policing, judiciary, and corrections – is fundamental to establishing rule of law,” said, Mitch Dufresne, Chief Joint Justice and Corrections Section of the Rule of Law & Security Institutions Group (ROLSIG), UNSOM. “The UN is committed to supporting Somalia in establishing rule of law, together with state and peace building. Mobile courts and legal aid are essential to delivery of these services, extending out beyond Mogadishu to the sub national entities, particularly in the recovered areas.”

***********************

For more information, contact: Franco Sanchez, UNDP Governance and Rule of Law Programme Manager, franco.sanchez@undp.org or Damian Klauss, UNSOM Deputy Chief Joint Justice and Corrections Section, ROLSIG, klauss@un.org.

JPLG: Support Dialogue Forum on Decentralisation in Interim South West State Administration (ISWA)

 Participants at the ISWA Forum. Credit: UN Photo.

Participants at the ISWA Forum. Credit: UN Photo.

The Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs and the Interim South West Administration’s (ISWA) Ministry of Interior and Local Government, co-facilitated a Decentralization Dialogue Forum, supported by JPLG in September 2015 in Baidoa, the capital of Interim South West Administration.

In 2012, the Transitional Federal Constitution of Somalia adopted the federalism principle that devolves authority to Federal Member State Governments and Districts in a regulated manner.

Decentralization defines the most appropriate balance of shared responsibilities, among the Federal Government, State Sector Ministries and District Governments, to enhance accountable and effective service delivery. It involves a series of policy reforms that allow specific responsibilities and resources to be transferred from the Federal Government of Somalia through the Federal Member State to implementation of basic services by a District Government in line with the Transitional Federal Constitution of Somalia (2012).  

In 2015, JPLG/UNDP is supporting Federal State Governments of Jubbaland and the Interim South West Administration, to establish institutions with sufficient capacity, so that core functions are developed, that facilitate decentralization and improved delivery of services to citizens. A significant component of the JPLG/UNDP strategy for strengthened local governance under the Interim South West Administration includes a series of Dialogue Forums on Decentralized Service delivery. This forum is the first in a number of such forums.

In order for decentralization to be successful, an effective working relationship between ISWA ministries, federal offices and district administrations needs to be established. This involves the building of consensus and incremental trust, before a legal framework to facilitate the decentralization process is put in place. The two day Dialogue Forum sought to create understanding among representatives from the newly formed ISWA ministries on the process of decentralization – outlining the need for harmonized horizontal and vertical relations and the sharing of roles and responsibilities between federal offices, state offices and local government to create the foundations for improved service delivery by local government.

The ISWA Minister of Interior, Abdirahman Ibrahim Satte, opened the Dialogue Forum and acknowledged support from JPLG/UNDP and the Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs.  “Participants have to discuss decentralization and understand the issue and apply their knowledge to their day to day activities,” Minister Satte said.


Participants included representatives from six of the newly formed ISWA Ministries (including Interior, Finance, Water, Minerals, and Transport), Bay Regional Administration, Baidoa District Administration and youth from a local civil society organization. The Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs facilitated the Dialogue Forum.

The JPLG/UNDP Senior Local Government Planning Consultant from the Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs, Abdulrahman Aligab Abdi, facilitated the group work session ‘The Role of ISWA Ministries and Offices to the Decentralization Process.’ Participants were encouraged to reflect and discuss the role of ISWA ministries as well as federal offices and the facilitator assisted the participants to identify roles and responsibilities between the stakeholders that would facilitate the decentralization process.

The presentation and subsequent discussion on ‘Decentralization: Challenges and Opportunities’, was facilitated by the JPLG/UNDP Decentralization Consultant, Gulaid Ahmed Hassan, from the Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs. The session covered decentralization challenges including structural conflicts, capacity constraints, political interest, corruption, patronage politics and exclusion of vulnerable groups. During the group discussion, participants were also able to identify that decentralization provides significant opportunities for improved governance. As Gulaid Ahmed Hassan said “Decentralization encourages improved institutional strength, empowerment, participation, improvement in service delivery (including primary health care, education, water, sanitation, access to roads, street lighting, market infrastructure, extension of livestock/agriculture), allocative efficiency, greater voice and choice for the locals, representative elected bodies, inclusive decision making, utilizing local knowledge/resource and relief from federal offices.”

The Bay Governor mentioned that after the civil war there was a loss of trust in central government. He said that discussions on how to proceed to the next level of cooperation between the federal government ministries, state government ministries, and local governments in a harmonized way was helpful and presented a unique opportunity to transform governance. He encouraged participants to actively contribute their thoughts and perspectives on the decentralization process.


With the generous support of the EU, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and UK, JPLG works closely with local counterparts in promoting improvements in the ability of local governments to provide equitable services to communities. The Dialogue Forum helped to establish foundations for mutual cooperation between ISWA ministries and federal offices and district administrations.  Further Dialogue Forums are planned to continue to facilitate the perspectives of citizens on decentralized service delivery throughout ISWA districts.

The Dialogue Forum was reported on many Somali media sites including Radio Muqdisho.net, baidoamedia.com and idalenews.com.  A Dialogue Forum Report aired on Somali National TV, the principal public service broadcaster.

Capacity Development: Supporting Civil Service in Puntland

 Participants of the workshop and UN staff in Garowe, Puntland State of Somalia. Credit: UN Photo.

Participants of the workshop and UN staff in Garowe, Puntland State of Somalia. Credit: UN Photo.

In consecutive consultative workshops on 15 & 16 Nov 2015, UNDP Somalia's Capacity Development Programme facilitated technical discussions among staff of the two Puntland Government civil service management institutions on the formulation of organisational development plans (2016-2018) for the two institutions:

  • The Ministry of labour, Youth and Sports (MOLYS)
  • The Civil Service Commission (CSC)

These workshops followed a joint consultative workshop in early September, during which both institutions agreed to streamline thier work in civil service regulation, oversight and management; and to work towards establishing complementary functions. UNDP works with both institutions towards these targets. The initiative is part of a comprehensive support in civil service reforms in Puntland, including the review and revision of civil service legal, regulatory and policy frameworks; and management arrangements.
 

With support from the EU, Italy, the UK, Norway, and Sweden, UNDP's Capacity Development Programme team works to enhance the performance of the Federal Government of Somalia and the State of Puntland in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of the partner government institutions through three key components of support aimed at overall gender mainstreamed institutional capacity development of the government institutions

PSP: Human Rights Workshop in Puntland

 A photo from the workshop in Puntland. Credit: UN Photo.

A photo from the workshop in Puntland. Credit: UN Photo.

In mid-October, UNDP’s Parliamentary Support Project conducted a Human Rights training workshop for 36 participants (including 8 women) from Puntland’s Parliamentary members, secretary staff, officials from Ministry of Constitution Democratisation and Federal Affairs and representatives from Puntland Human Rights Committee.

The training was facilitated by UNSOM, and officially opened by speaker of the House of Representatives and Franco Sanchez, UNDP’s Programme Manager for Governance and Rule of Law.
The participatory training introduced the perspective of Islam in Human Rights protection and expanded on the role of the Parliament in promoting and protecting human rights in Puntland.

Speaking on behalf of the participants, the chairperson of Puntland’s Human Rights Committee expressed satisfaction with the training, noting that participants were very interested in the issues, and requested for more capacity building activities.

For more information on this event, click here.
 

With support from the EU, the UK, Norway, and Sweden, UNDP's and UNSOM's integrated Parliamentary Support Project (PSP) provides support to the NFP, and the Parliaments of Puntland and Somaliland in order to capacitate them to operate as inclusive, transparent and effec-tive law-making, oversight and representative bodies.

Electoral Support: Fruitful Consultations on Draft Political Parties Law

 Participants attend a session during the three-day consultative workshop on the Somali political parties draft law held in Mogadishu on November 23 2015. Credit: UN Photo.

Participants attend a session during the three-day consultative workshop on the Somali political parties draft law held in Mogadishu on November 23 2015. Credit: UN Photo.

A three-day Consultative Process on Somalia’s Draft Political Parties Law concluded in Mogadishu on Monday 23 November 2015.

At least 200 delegates attended the consultative meeting. Participants included representatives of political parties, federal and regional administrations and the civil society.

“The draft legislation was compiled by experienced professionals and it has been circulated throughout the regions and civil society. The reason why we are further discussing on it today is to make sure all contentious issues are addressed. Your comments will inform the final draft of the bill which will be submitted to the cabinet and the legislature for further consideration,” announced the State Minister for Interior and Federalism, Mr. Abdirashid Mohamed Hidig.

The Minister explained that consultations on the draft law have been extensive, to ensure contentious phrases are fleshed out, amended or removed. The just ended consultations, was a culmination of wider efforts by the ministry of interior, to collect suggestions, ideas and opinions from diverse groups of people regarding the proposed new law. 

“We strongly believe this country to be a country led by political parties and I want to promise that your views will be considered,”emphazised Mr. Abdirahman Mohamed Hussein Odawaa, the Minister of Interior and Federal Affairs:

At a press conference held at the end of the conference, officials from the Ministry of Interior and Federalism fielded questions from journalists on the proposed new law.\“Participants at this meeting played an important role in making positive contributions regarding the completion of this draft legislation. Their views and proposals will be considered. The ministry will present this draft legislation to the Cabinet as soon as possible, before tabling it before parliament,” Yahye Ali Ibrahim, the Permanent Secretary for Interior and Federal Affairs said in a statement he read out to journalists at the press conference concluding the consultations.


With support from the EU, Italy, the UK, Norway, and Sweden, UNDP and UNSOM’s integrated UN electoral assistance team provides support and advisory guidance to the Federal Government of Somalia and the National Independent Electoral Commission on electoral processes and planning to support national state-building.

RoL: Somali Justice Institutions Using Results-Based Management

 Mr. Ahmed Ali Dahir, Attorney General of Somali Federal Republic attended the RBM training. Credit: UN Photo.

Mr. Ahmed Ali Dahir, Attorney General of Somali Federal Republic attended the RBM training. Credit: UN Photo.

Early July 2015, 44 participants from the Ministry of Justice, the Attorney General Office, the Supreme Court, Ministry of Justice of Interim South-West Administration (ISWA) and Mogadishu University participated in a two day training on Results-Based Management and Reporting organized by the Ministry of Justice of the Federal Government and UNDP Somalia in Mogadishu.

The training provided guidance, shared best practices on project management, and encouraged national counterparts to incorporate results-based management thinking and approach when implementing activities. A key part of the training was to provide a general overview on the principles and key components of Harmonized Approach to Cash Transfers (HACT).

Speaking at the opening of the training, Mr. Ahmed Ali Dahir, the Attorney General of Somali Federal Republic thanked the Ministry of Justice and UNDP for organizing the training which he said is very important for the Justice Institutions urging participants to take advantage of the opportunity and use the training as an opportunity to improve their skills and knowledge in relation to project planning and implementation with the aim of delivering justice services for the Somali people. Furthermore, the Attorney General emphasized the need for accountability and transparency in the use of donor funds stressing that mismanagement and corruption present a major threat to Somalia’s state building journey.

The training is expected to enhance the implementation capacity of the Somali Justice Institutions ahead of the operationalization of the Somalia Joint Rule of Law Prorgamme between the Federal Government of Somalia, the UN, and donors. This project is in support of Peacebuilding and State Building Goals 2 (Security) and 3 (Justice) of the New Deal Somali Compact. The Joint Programme is implemented thanks to the generous contribution of the European Union, DFID and Sweden.



With support from the EU, the UK, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and the Netherlands, UNDP's, UNSOM's, UNICEF's, UNOD's and UNOPS' integrated Rule of Law Project (RoL) provides support to the justice and police in South Central: Mogadishu; Galmudug administration, Jubaland and South West Administration; In Puntland: Garowe, Bossaso and Gardo; and in Somaliland: All six regions (Hargeisa, Burao and Borama, Sanaag, Saahil Sool).

Electoral Support: Building Blocks

 From left to right, Gerald Mitchell (Director of the joint UNDP-UNSOM elections team) Halima Ismail Ibrahim (NIEC Chairperson), and Sayed Ali Sheikh Mohamed (Deputy Chairperson). Credit: UN Photo.

From left to right, Gerald Mitchell (Director of the joint UNDP-UNSOM elections team) Halima Ismail Ibrahim (NIEC Chairperson), and Sayed Ali Sheikh Mohamed (Deputy Chairperson). Credit: UN Photo.

Putting in place the building blocks to prepare for eventual elections was the goal of a four-day National Independent Election Commission (NIEC) team-building and planning retreat last week organized by the UNSOM-UNDP Integrated Electoral support Group. Members of the NIEC, which was established in July 2015, met in Nairobi to discuss the organization’s mandate and strategy, and to agree on priorities for the remainder of the year and for 2016. In addition, the Commissioners agreed on an Action Plan for the next 15 months, and to develop a commensurate budget to submit to Parliament and to share with international donor partners.

The NIEC agreed that its vision for the organization is “to build trust and confidence of the Somali people in the electoral process by establishing an election administration framework conducive to the conduct of free, fair and credible elections.” As such, it placed a premium on developing the professional capacities necessary for transparent and accountable election administration. The NIEC also stated a commitment to engage with the authorities responsible for developing the electoral legal framework, including the electoral law, citizenship law and political party law, and to encourage finalization of these legislations. Technical issues such as assessing methodologies for voter registration, developing electoral dispute mechanisms and developing political party registration procedures were also prioritized. The identification of a permanent location for the NIEC's new headquarters was prioritized as important.

The NIEC concluded the workshop by presenting in a press conference its plans to donor partners and electoral stakeholders.

“The Commissioners have been working consistently since their institution was established to create a solid foundation for future electoral activities,” said Gerald Mitchell, the Director of the UNSOM-UNDP Integrated Electoral Support Group. “The UN stands ready to assist the Commission with future technical support and capacity development, and several donors and other development partners have also expressed their willingness to offer their support to this common endeavor which is critical to future credible elections in Somalia.”
 

With support from the EU, Italy, the UK, Norway, and Sweden, UNDP and UNSOM’s integrated UN electoral assistance team provides support and advisory guidance to the Federal Government of Somalia and the National Independent Electoral Commission on electoral processes and planning to support national state-building.